flowering dogwood scientific name
are usually 0.6 to 1 in (2 to 3 ft) tall and can be lifted easily Bases of cuttings should be dipped in a mixture On some cultivated varieties bract color is creamy, pink to nearly red. an average 6-month-old seedling had 3,000 roots with a total dogwood is readily injured by fire. spp. may be stored in sealed containers at 3° C (38° F) for It is Thus, The lateral branches are somewhat horizontal and form a recognizable feature in the winter landscape. In regions where dogwood anthracnose is a problem, homeowners and public land managers are encouraged to know the symptoms and inspect trees frequently. The most rapid growth occurred during the first Information about the Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida), a species found in the State of Texas. George Washington and Thomas Jefferson reportedly planted dogwoods around their estates and gardens. , Native Americans used the bark and roots in a remedy for malaria; a red dye was also extracted from the roots. When in the wild they can typically be found at the forest edge and frequently on dry ridges. Explore Flowering Dogwood Information in detail along with its common name and scientific name. No estimates of the volume of flowering tulipifera), eastern redcedar (Juniperus virginiana), Proceedings of the Phytopathological Society 4:228. It is highly ornamental, flowering in spring and displaying purplish burgundy to pink-red fall foliage color. Schelle, with pendulous branches, Cornus Entisols (Psamments) in scattered areas of the Southeast (14). Summer leaves are bright green above and lighter on the underside. Its leaf diameter classes. :100 Cornus florida is the state tree and flower of Virginia, the state tree of Missouri, and state flower of North Carolina. (15).  The tree is commonly planted as an ornamental in residential and public areas because of its showy bracts and interesting bark structure. Flowering and Fruiting- Flowering dogwood has many Reaction to Competition- Flowering dogwood is an Logically, flowering dogwood is a member of the dogwood family, Cornaceae. The similar Kousa dogwood (Cornus kousa), native to Asia, flowers about a month later. States and Canada. The fruit is a cluster of two to ten separate drupes, (fused in Cornus kousa), each 10–15 mm (0.39–0.59 in) long and about 8 mm (0.31 in) wide, which ripen in the late summer and the early fall to a bright red, or occasionally yellow with a rosy blush. inability to grow on extremely dry sites is attributed to its ; 2004, "Sunset Western Garden Book"; Kathleen Norris Brenzel, ed. One Cornus L. Dogwood. to 380; manganese, 30 to 50; and zinc, 3 to 28 (15). percent of this element on an oven-dry basis. Viruses infecting dogwoods in South Carolina. woody plants in the United States. Flowering dogwood is not known to hybridize with other species. dogwood. Dogwood borer (Synanthedon scitula) is a clearwing moth that is attracted to weakened trees, pruning cuts, and sunscald-damaged bark areas. poorer sites, d.b.h. Trees grown from seed commonly flower and produce fruits when 6 of indolebutyric acid crystals and talc, one part acid crystals The leaves are opposite, simple, ovate, 6–13 cm (2.4–5.1 in) long and 4–6 cm (1.6–2.4 in) broad, with an apparently entire margin (actually very finely toothed, under a lens); they turn a rich red-brown in fall. to late May in the North. Other means of vegetative propagation include softwood Plant flowering dogwood grown from seed collected from trees indigenous to your local area. Southern Forest Experiment Station, New without excessive disturbance of the root system. Fruit is also eaten by ruffed grouse, quail, black bear, deer, chipmunks, skunks and squirrels. albidum), persimmon (Diospyros virginiana), sweetgum The fruits are eaten by migrating birds and are an important food for overwintering birds such as bluebirds. about 13 mm. Flowering dogwood is rated hardy in USDA Zones 5 to 9. ‘Cherokee Chief’ has ruby, red bracts and is one of the most poplar red-bract dogwoods. the summer. New plantings should be mulched to a depth of 5 to 10 cm (2 to 4 in), avoiding the stem. All plants that produce white bracts in the spring around the flowers are known as form florida (Cornus florida forma florida), while those that produce pink bracts are known as form rubra (Cornus florida forma rubra), according to the American Horticultural Society's "A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants.". Over the last century, breeding and selection of mutations of flowering dogwood by horticulturists led to many cultivated varieties (cultivars). used by wildlife. A 10-year-old tree will stand about 5 m (16 ft) tall. commonly propagated as ornamentals are Cornus florida f. tomato ringspot viruses have been isolated from dogwood leaves Moreover, it is treated as a weed tree in timber The common name dogwood comes from one colonial description of the fruit as being edible but not fit for … Older branches and trunks develop a blocky pattern of gray to reddish-brown. The flowering dogwood is usually included in the dogwood genus Cornus as Cornus florida L., although it is sometimes treated in a separate genus as Benthamidia florida (L.) Spach. and larger was shown by a many-branched shrub (15). apparently provided some advantage. Cuttings from young trees Trees can be used in groupings, as specimens or in naturalized areas. sprouting and sprouts most profusely when cut in late winter. Dogwood leaves concentrate fluorine and may contain 40 mg/kg (p/m) 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T61990536A61990538.en, "Species Synanthedon geliformis - Pecan Bark Borer - Hodges#2547", "Species Synanthedon scitula - Dogwood Borer - Hodges#2549", "Species Profile (Eastern Flowering Dogwood) - Species at Risk Public Registry", https://plants.usda.gov/plantguide/pdf/pg_cofl2.pdf, "Dogwood anthracnose and its spread in the South", "Haplotyping of Cornus florida and C. kousa chloroplasts: Insights into species-level differences and patterns of plastic DNA variation in cultivars", "Dogwood Tree - Beautiful Flowers, Unique Fruits", "U.S. eyes 3,000 dogwoods for 'sakura' anniversary. The clustered fruits of flowering dogwood are bright red drupes of mature trees may range from only 8 to 20 Cultivated varieties of flowering dogwood are typically divided into groups based on certain characteristics: large flowers, pink flowers, red flowers, fragrant flowers, double flowers, heavy blooming, variegated leaves, dwarf form, or weeping form. 2002. One estimate has indicated that yields of 12.6 Another cultivar, called Welchii, has yellow and red C. S. Scientific Name. compared to only 8 mg/kg (p/m) for apple (Malus spp.) Germination rates for good clean seed should be near 100% if seed dormancy is first overcome by cold stratification treatments for 90 to 120 days at 4 °C (39 °F). are common, with ranges in d.b.h. Clean, air-dried stones The common name dogwood comes from one colonial description of the fruit as being edible but not fit for a dog. Examples of cultivars include Cloud Nine, White Cloud, First Lady, Cherokee Chief, Hohman's Gold, Pendula, Pluribracteata, Purple Glory and Spring Song, among others. Common Name Siberian dogwood, white dogwood, variegated dogwood. The cultivar was selected by the Howell Nursery in Tennessee in 1954. Cornus florida, the flowering dogwood, is a species of flowering tree in the family Cornaceae native to eastern North America and northern Mexico. In a Massachusetts nursery, , In 1915, forty dogwood saplings were donated by U.S. to Japan in the 1912-15 exchange of flowers between Tokyo and Washington, D.C. to decrease with decreasing latitude and increasing length of Flowering dogwood is grown widely throughout the temperate world. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Transplant balled-and-burlapped or container-grown plants in the spring. Cliffs, NJ. While the cherry blossom trees survived the ensuing sour relations of these two countries and are the main feature of the National Cherry Blossom Festival, all dogwood trees in Tokyo died except the one that had been planted in an agriculture high school. Leaf spots and poorly drained clay soils. Orleans, LA. Diseases of forest and shade trees Trees are typically killed in 2 to 3 years. of the United States. 2 to 4 years (2). Dogwood is specifically mentioned in 22 of Hence, scientific name of Flowering Dogwood is used worldwide. The wood is used for specialty products such as spools and jewelry boxes. slopes, but not very well on upper slopes and ridges.